Chana (black chickpeas) is a vital pulse crop that holds significant importance in India. They are not only a staple in Indian cuisine but also serve as a major source of protein for the nation’s growing population. This versatile grain finds its way into a wide array of culinary applications, including various dishes, flours, and bakery products, while the popular “dal” is a classic preparation made from chana. In this discussion, we will delve into key aspects of chana production in India, the leading chana-producing states, chana cultivation season, the diverse chana varieties cultivated in the country, and recent developments in chana production.
Channa season in India
Black chana is a rabi crop which means it is grown in the winter season. Chana is sown between October to December and harvested between March to May. One of the primary products derived from black chana is gram flour, known as “besan”. This flour is produced by grinding chana, and it serves as a fundamental ingredient in a diverse range of dishes and sweets. Additionally, a culinary creation “chana ghugni” is relished with great enthusiasm in the country. Chana straw, a byproduct of the chana plant, is often used as animal feed, making efficient use of the entire crop. Chana is prized not only for its culinary versatility but also for its nutritional value. It is a rich source of essential nutrients containing approximately 21% protein, 61.5% carbohydrates, and 4.5% fat. Furthermore, chana offers substantial amounts of calcium and iron.
Chana production in India
While chana is cultivated across various states in India, Madhya Pradesh stands out as the leading producer of chana. According to the data provided by the Agriculture State Board, Madhya Pradesh singlehandedly contributes a substantial 26.9% of the total chana production in the country. Following closely behind, Maharashtra secures the second position in terms of chana production, contributing 19.77% to the national total. Rajasthan takes the third spot with 19.37% of the chana output and Gujarat, the fourth place for producing 10.67% of the country’s chana production. It’s worth noting that the remaining 25% of the chana production is distributed among the other states of India.
Major varieties of chana grown in India
India boasts a diverse array of chana (chickpea) varieties. Among the major varieties cultivated in the country are Chaudhary 125, HD 286, and ICAR Chana 1. India also celebrates its desi chana varieties, which are cherished for their unique characteristics and adaptability to local conditions. These are Pusa 256, Karnal Chana 1, Gangaur, Gauri Sadbhavana, Surya, Bhradri, Uday, Radhe, Ankur and Kripa. India’s commitment to agricultural innovation has led to the development of improved chana varieties. These include Pusa 10216, Pusa Chana 20211 (Pusa Manav), Pusa 3043, Super Anigeri 1, BGM 4005, IPC L 4-14, IPCMB 19-3, Phule Vishwaraj, Pusa 256, Karnal Chana 1, Gangaur, Gauri Sadbhavna, Surya, Avradhi, Udaya, Radhe, Ankur and Kripa.
Increase in chana production
In the agricultural year 2021-2022, India achieved a noteworthy chana production of 135.44 lakh metric tonnes. The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has estimated a production of 136.32 lakh metric tonnes for chana for the year 2022-2023. This figure represents a commendable 0.6% increase over the previous year, marking a historic high in chana production for the nation. The production of chana in India has increased in the last few years.There are several reasons for this, including:
- Government grants and incentives – The government is providing grants and other incentives to chana farmers which is promoting the production of chana.
- Development of new varieties: Agricultural scientists have developed new varieties of chana that exhibit high yield potential while being resistant to diseases and pests.
- Technological advancements in agriculture: The adoption of modern agricultural technologies including innovative irrigation methods and improved fertilizers have also increased chana production.
Boosting chana production holds paramount significance for India’s food security and economic growth. Chana, as a vital source of protein and essential nutrients, plays a pivotal role in meeting the dietary needs of the nation. Furthermore, the widespread cultivation of chana across various states contributes to the financial well-being of both farmers and agricultural traders.
If you are a Chana trader and want to get up-to-date pricing information for your commodity, download the Bijak Vyapaar App today. This innovative app is tailored to meet the needs of grain traders, offering real-time market rates for a wide range of grains, including chana. With its price trend feature, you can effectively monitor market fluctuations and make informed decisions about the optimal time to sell your grain products. Download the Bijak Vyapaar App today to access the most current rates for your grain commodities and make strategic and profitable trade decisions.
We trust that this blog has provided you with valuable insights into chana production. For more informative articles on a diverse range of grain products, explore our Bijak blog page. We value your questions and suggestions, so please don’t hesitate to share your thoughts in the comments section. Stay connected with us by following our social media channels for the latest updates and engaging content. Your feedback and engagement are greatly appreciated.