Whether it’s Maharashtra’s vada pav or Bengal’s aloo posto, Delhi’s chaat or South India’s aloo curry served with dosa, potatoes play a pivotal role in Indian food culture. As they can be stored for a long time, potatoes are one of the most traded agri commodities in all the major Indian mandis – potato commodity trading in Azadpur Mandi, Neemuch Mandi, Kanpur Mandi, and Nashik Mandi. In the mandi trading business, some of the potato varieties hold special importance. And this blog talks about everything you need to know about the most preferred varieties for potato mandi rate and trade.
Potato Varieties Grown in India
- Kufri Jyoti: This potato variety ripens in 80 to 150 days. It’s counted among the best varieties of potato and can give 150 to 250 quintal yield per hectare. The buying and selling of Kufri Jyoti is done mostly in the mandis of Bengal, Bihar, and Jharkhand.
- Kufri Sinduri: It’s an improved variety of potato, which survives even frost. The crop gets ready much more quickly in the plain area than in the hilly area. This potato variety matures in 120 to 125 days and has the capacity to give 300 to 400 quintal yield per hectare. Kufri Sinduri Potato is mostly traded in the mandis of Purvanchal – Nepal, Bihar in the north, Baghelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh in the west.
- Kufri Bahar 3797: This variety is also known as 3797. It’s good for the plains of northern India. Kufri Bahar gets ready in 90 to 110 days. Its yield is about 200-250 quintals per hectare and is mostly traded in the mandis of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Kerala.
- Kufri Neelkanth: It’s one of the favorite potato varieties in Indian mandis to emerge in the last two years. Rich in antioxidants, this is a great potato variety, which can survive even extreme cold weather conditions. Its production capacity is more than other varieties and is ready to harvest in 90 to 100 days. Kufri Neelkanth’s production capacity per hectare is 350-400 quintals. This variety is good for the plains of North India.
- Kufri Alankar: It matures in 70 days and is somewhat resistant to potato disease. Kufri Alankar gives a yield of 200 to 250 quintals per hectare. This potato variety is traded more in the mandis of Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan.
- Kufri Chipsona: Kufri Chipsona-1, Kufri Chipsona-2, and Kufri Chipsona-3 are grown for the chips. Out of the potatoes dug, 68.5 percent goes into domestic consumption. Whereas in a developed country, the domestic utility of potatoes is only 31%. The rest of the potatoes are used in chips (12% of the total potato production) and beverages. Kufri Chipsona is grown in the rural areas of Delhi NCR and Uttarakhand. At the same time, the Kufri Chipsona-4 is grown in Karnataka, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. The production range is 300-350 quintals per hectare.
- LR Potato (Lady Rosetta): This potato variety is known as Lady Rosetta. It gets ready in 80-100 days. Its yield per hectare is 250 to 300 quintals. LR potatoes are sent for processing in the chips processing units of Punjab and Gujarat.
- Diamond Potato: This variety is grown in Uttarakhand, Haryana, and Punjab. Diamond potatoes are also sent to the processing unit for chips like Chipsona and LR potatoes.
- Kufri Kanchan: Sowing of this variety is more in the hills of North Bengal and Sikkim. It gives 250 to 300 quintal yield per hectare. The most preferred varieties for farmers and mandi traders – New Holland, Kufri, Kanchan, and Sindoori are traded in the mandis of Bihar and Jharkhand.
- 302: The first choice of potato traders in Agra is 302 potatoes. Its yield is one and a half times higher than that of the common potato varieties. Therefore, potato farmers and mandi traders travel far to cultivate and buy this potato variety. 302 potatoes get ready in 80-90 days with a yield per hectare of 400-450 quintals.
- Kufri Chandramukhi: For this variety, the crop gets ready in 90 to 120 days. The stem of this potato plant is green with reddish-brown spots. It gives a 200 to 250 quintal yield per hectare.
- Kufri Mohan: This potato variety matures in 80-90 days and yields 350-400 quintals per hectare. The prominent feature of this variety is that it doesn’t get affected by frost.
- E 4486: This variety gets ready in 135 days. It can yield 250 to 300 quintals per hectare. E 4486 is used more in UP, Haryana, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh.
Below are some varieties suitable for regional mandi trade in areas where they are grown:
- Kufri Dewa: This crop gets ready in 120 to 125 days and yields 300 to 400 quintal per hectare. Kufri Dewa is cultivated in the lowland and intermediate plains of Uttar Pradesh.
- Kufri Navtal Ji 2524 (Kufri Navtal): This potato variety is ready to harvest in 75 to 85 days and yields 200 to 250 quintal per hectare.
- Kufri Lalima: It’s an improved variety of high-yielding potatoes in less time, which matures in 90 to 100 days. Its yield per hectare is 200-250 quintals.
- Kufri Swarna: The hilly areas of South India are apt for this potato variety. Its crop gets ready in about 110 days and yields 300 quintals per hectare. Kufri Swarna gets spoiled much more quickly than others.
- Kufri Shil Maan: This variety gets ready in 100 to 130 days and can yield up to 250 quintals per hectare.
- Kufri Jawahar JH 222: It takes 90 to 110 days for this variety of potato to be ready for harvest. It is resistant to early blight and foam disease. Kufri Jawahar JH 222 yields 250 to 300 quintals per hectare.
- Kufri Ganga: This variety of potatoes gives a high yield in less time. Its crop gets ready in 75 to 80 days and yields 250 to 300 quintals per hectare.
Btw, if you’re looking to trade with genuine and verified potato traders, you can connect with them via Bijak agri trading app. We hope you found this blog insightful. Please do share it within your trader network. If you wish to know more about mandi trading for some specific agri commodity, tell us in the comments below.