The Indian Mango Trade Story

Mango Trade Mango Trade

Mangoes are considered the king of fruits throughout the world. Mangoes are special because of their sweet taste and juiciness. The scientific name of mangoes is Mangifera Indica. From ancient times, mangoes were grown in India but with time Brazil, West Indies, Mexico and other countries have also started growing it.

Amazingly, mango is the national fruit of India, Pakistan and the Philippines. In Bangladesh, the mango tree is considered as their ‘National tree’.

Mango Production

India is the largest producer of mangoes. After India, China and Thailand are the biggest producers of mangoes. India contributes about 56% of the total global production. While India is the biggest contributor to the cultivation of mangoes, it doesn’t have a significant share in international trade. This is because Indian mangoes don’t meet international standards.

To increase export of mangoes, farmers and traders need to focus on the quality of mangoes. There are mango research centres in Uttar Pradesh’s Lucknow and Maharashtra’s Vengurla. Today Kesari and Hapus are in high demand in foreign markets.

Most liked varieties of Mangoes in India

Some of the popular varieties of mango grown worldwide are Tommy Atkins, Haden, Kent, Irwin, Honey Ataulfo, Francis, Hapus Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapalli, Chausa, Subarnarekha and Kesari. In India, more than 1,500 varieties of mangoes are grown.

Let’s have a look at some of the prominent varieties:

Alphonso

Alphonso or Hapus is known for its sweet taste. It is grown in the Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Raigad districts of Maharashtra. However, in recent years, it is also being grown in Karnataka and Gujarat.

Dasheri

Dasheri mango is known for its juiciness. This is majorly grown in north Indian states. It is grown in Uttar Pradesh’s Lucknow and nearby villages such as Nandi Ferozepur, Kakori etc.

Chausa

Chausa aam is a popular type of mango in north India and Bihar. This is mostly available between summer and monsoons.

Kesar

This is well known for its taste and saffron (Kesar) like smell. This is grown in areas near Gir Sanctuary such as Junagadh and Amreli districts. This has also received a GI Tag.

Badami

Badami mango is also known as ‘Alphonso of Karnataka’. It is sweet in taste and is pale yellow in colour.

Totapuri

Totapuri got its name because its shape resembles to a parrot’s beak. This is not as sweet as compared to other varieties of mangoes. This is used to make a salad, achar(pickles) and other delicacies. This is mainly grown in Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Himsagar

This mango is grown in West Bengal and Odisha and has a sweet fragrance. This is primarily grown in the Murshidabad district in Bengal. This is a medium-sized mango in yellowish-green colour. It weighs around 350gm and is available for a short span between May and June. This is consumed in mango shakes and to make sweets.

Banganpali/Safeda

Banganpali is quite big in size. This egg-shaped mango is generally 14cms long. These are grown in the Banaganapalli district of Andhra Pradesh. This has also got a GI Tag. In north India, it is known as Safeda.

Malda

Malda mangoes are grown in the Malda district in West Bengal. It is also known as Fazli mango. Malda has a huge demand in foreign countries.

Raspuri

Raspuri is grown in the old Mysore area in Karnataka. It is also grown in Bangalore, Ramanagara, Kolar, Chikkaballapur and nearby areas. This is known as the queen of mango in India.

Supply and demand of mangoes in Indian Mandis

If we look at it from a business perspective, after Alphonso and Kesar, Safeda, Chausa and Totapuri are the most preferred varieties.

Let’s see which variety of mango is famous in which market.

Types of mangoes (April 2022)

Azadpur Mandi (Delhi)

Banganpali/Safeda

Langra

Hapus

Chausa

Dasheri

Kesar

Totapuri

Badam

Indore Mandi (Madhya Pradesh)

Badam

Totapuri

Banganpali/Safeda

Langra

Hapus

Amritsar Walla Mandi (Punjab)

Dasheri

Chausa

Lakhanwa

Langra

Totapuri

Hapus

Ludhiyana Mandi (Punjab)

Dasheri

Chausa

Himam

Totapuri

Hapus

Jalandhar Mandi (Punjab)

Safeda

Totapuri

Chausa

Kesar

Dasheri

Jabalpur Mandi (Madhya Pradesh)

Badam

Dasheri

Totapuri

Hapus

Sahibabad Mandi (Uttar Pradesh)

Dasheri

Banganpali/Safeda

Hapus

Dehradun Mandi (Uttrakhand)

Dasheri

Banganpali/Safeda

Hapus

Khandsa Mandi, Gurugram (Haryana)

Dasheri

Chausa

Langra

Narod Mandi Ahmedabad, Gujrat

Hapus

Kesar

Surat, Gujarat

Hapus

Kesar

Siligudi/Guwahati Mandi (Assam)

Banganpali/Safeda

Lalmuni

Totapuri

Hapus

Future of Mango Business

With changing times and digital revolution, a change has been witnessed in the traditional mandi business. Earlier traders use to trade with nearby farmers, suppliers and buyers only. But now with the entrance of technology-driven players like Bijak, the way of doing mandi business is changing. Now to sell or buy a commodity, a buyer or supplier just needs to download the Bijak app. In just a few clicks, you will be connected with verified farmers, suppliers and buyers spread across pan India. You could do business as per your requirement on Bijak. You can also connect with verified mango traders over call or message. So don’t wait, download the app and start trading mangoes or other commodities.

Mango Export

For the past two years, the world is going through a roller-coaster ride caused by Coronavirus. This has drastically impacted the global business. As an impact of this, the United States Department of Agriculture(USDA) stopped the export of Indian mangoes in 2020.

Before Covid-19, there was a strong export relationship between India and America. As per statistics, India exported 800MT of mangoes worth $2.75 Million in 2017-18. Similarly, in 2018-19, the trade volume was 951MT worth $3.63 Million. In 2019-20 this further increased to 1,095 MT of mango worth $4.35 Billion.

There is a high demand for Indian mangoes in the United States and 2022 has brought in good news for mango traders. United States Department of Agriculture has given permission to the Indian government to reinitiate the export. India has started export of Alphonso to America.

We believe that this information will be useful in your business. Do share this mango related information as much as you can. If you wish to know more about the Indian agricultural business then let us know in the comment section. If you are interested to know more about mandi business via Bijak blogs then do let us know in the comment section. Don’t forget to follow our social media handles.