China, India, and America are three of the largest producers of onions in the world, India being second. Onions are cultivated in many Indian states and you can view the list of top producers here. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Bihar are the top 5 onion producing states. Onion is the most used vegetable in our country. They are rich in protein and vitamins. Along with this, onions are used for curing illnesses and infections. This is the reason why there are now different types of onions easily available in the market. Onion is one such vegetable whose demand remains consistent from the beginning to the end of the year. In such a situation, increasing its production is the need of the hour. This is the reason why they are now being cultivated in rabi, kharif and late kharif seasons.
Due to heat and wind in the kharif season, it’s very difficult to prepare good seedlings. In this season, the chances of plant damage in the nursery is very high. There is also the potential for rain at this time. That is the reason why the nurseries are prepared under the shade. Also, due to rains, there is a danger of the seeds getting washed away.
Onion farming is done in three seasons throughout the year:
- Kharif: Crops are planted in the first kharif season between July-August and are harvested from October-December.
- Late kharif: Crops are planted between October-November and harvested from January-March.
- Rabi: Onions planted between December-January are harvested between March-May.
Here is a table containing the time of cultivation and harvesting in different places in India:
When the onions are ready to be harvested, the stems turn brown and they begin to lose soil around them. Then they are dug up from the ground. After this, they are stored properly so that they do not get spoiled. Next, farmers take the stored onions to the nearest markets. Farmers, especially small and marginal farmers may get the desired rates for their crop or the right buyers. But it is not always guaranteed. Bijak has solved this problem; now farmer can sell their onions to the right buyers at competitive rates through the Bijak app. Bijak is India’s most trusted agri-trading app. It brings together agri traders namely farmers, Buyers and Suppliers to trade in over 150 commodities. You could download the Bijak app from Google Playstore and Apple App Store to start trading.
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